The complete bibliography for all sources used on this website is as follows:
Abraham, Willie E. The Mind of Africa. University of Chicago Press, 1969.
Adams, John; Wroth, Kinvin L and Zobel, Hiller B. eds. Legal Papers of John Adams. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Aesop. Aesop’s Fables: A New Translation by Laura Gibbs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Arnett, Paul. “An Introduction to Other Rivers.” In Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South, edited by Paul Arnett and William Arnett. NewYork:
Timwood Books, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, 2000.
Balint, Rebecca. “Al and Rita” in Brattleboro Reformer. June 2, 2014. https://www.reformer.com/stories/al-and-rita,345303 (Retrieved May 11, 2020).
Belleville News-Democrat. “Edna J. Patterson-Petty.” February 28, 2002: 1C.
----------. “East St. Louis Protest Raises Awareness for Economic Empowerment.”
https://www.bnd.com/news/local/article243626842.html (Retrieved August 30, 2020).
Chicago Defender. “Proclaim Negro History Week.” February 9,1961: 12.
----------. “Chicago To Celebrate DuSable Week, Aug. 19-25.” July 11,1962: 4.
Clarke, Christa. “Male and Female Antelope Headdresses (Ci Wara) (Bambana Peoples).” New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006.
https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-africa/west-africa/mali1/a/male-female- antelope-headdresses-ci-wara-bamana-peoples (Retrieved April13, 2020).
Cole, Herbert H. “Are There True Experts?” African Arts IX (3) 1976: 23-24.
Cullen, Countee. On These I Stand: An Anthology of the Best Poems of Countee Cullen. New York Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1947.
Dunham, Katherine. Island Possessed. Garden City: Doubleday, 1969.
Fitch, Nancy-Elizabeth. How Sweet the Sound: The Spirit of African American History. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace and Company, 2000.
Hening, William Waller, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. New York: R. & W. & G. Bartow, 1823. 2:170.
https://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_Negro_womens_children_to_serve_according_to _the_condition_of_the_mother_1662 (Retrieved July 17, 2020).
Holy Bible. King James Version.
Hughes, Langston. The Langston Hughes Reader. George Braziller, Inc, 1988.
----------. Selected Poems of Langston Hughes. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1983.
Imperato, Pascal J. “The Dance of the Tyi Wara.” African Arts, Vol. 4, No. 1 (1970): 6.
Jackson, Ashawnta. “Why MLK Believed Jazz Was the Perfect Soundtrack for Civil Rights” in JSTORS Daily, October 16, 2019. https://daily.jstor.org/why-mlk-believed-jazz-was-the- perfect-soundtrack-for-civil-rights/ (Retrieved May 11, 2020).
Joyce, Mike. “Miriam Makeba Dizzy Gillespie”. The Washington Post. August 19, 1991.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/1991/08/19/miriam-makeba-dizzy- gillespie/ab2f28bf-b7c0-4c57-a61b-87afb815ca35/ (Retrieved May 14, 2020).
Lawal, Babatunde. “African Roots, African American Branches: Tradition and Transformation in African American Self-Taught Art.” In Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South, edited by Paul Arnett and William Arnett. New York: Timwood Books, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, 2000.
Leuzinger, Elsy. The Art of Black Africa. New York: Graphic Society Ltd., 1972.
Levin, Floyd. Classic Jazz: A Personal View of the Music and the Musicians. Berkley: University of California Press, 2000.
McCartney, John T. Black Power Ideologies: An Essay in African-American Political Thought. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992.
McLaughlin, Eliott C.. “Three videos piece together the final moments of George Floyd's life.” CNN. June 23, 2020.https://www.cnn.com/2020/06/01/us/george-floyd-three-videos- minneapolis/index.html (Retrieved, July 31, 2020)
Monson, Ingrid. “Monk Meets SNCC.” Black Music Research Journal Vol. 19, No. 2, New Perspectives on Thelonious Monk, Autumn, 1999:187-200.
Morgan, Jennifer L. “Partus Sequitur Ventrem: Law, Race, and Reproduction in Colonial Slavery.” Small Axe, 55 22.1 (March 2018): 1–17
Mugubane, Bernard Makhosezwe. The Ties that Bind: African-American Consciousness of Africa. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1987.
Murphy, Paul P. “New Video Appears to Show Three Police Officers Kneeling on George Floyd.” CNN. May 20, 2020. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/29/us/george-floyd-new-video-officers-kneel- trnd/index.html (Retrieved May 29, 2020).
Owomoyela, Oyekan. Yoruba Trickster Tales. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
Paige, Deasia. “East St. Louis Protest Raises Awareness for Economic Empowerment.” Belleville News-Democrat. June 18, 2020. https://www.bnd.com/news/local/article243626842.html (Retrieved July 11, 2020).
Paris, Peter J. The Spirituality of African Peoples: The Search for a Common Moral Discourse. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995.
Perani, Judith and Fred T. Smith. The Visual Arts of Africa: Gender, Power, and Life Cycle Rituals. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1998.
Petty, Reginald. Memories of Days Gone By. East St. Louis: Unpublished manuscript, 2001.
Phillipson, David W. Ancient Churches of Ethiopia. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009.
Roberts, Russell. The Africa Union. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest, 2014.
Robinson, Shantay. “Dr. Samella Lewis: The God mother of African American Art,” Black Art in America, March 11, 2019. https://www.blackartinamerica.com/index.php/2019/03/11/dr-samella-lewis- the-godmother-of-african-american-art/ (Retrieved May 12, 2020)
Rose, Tricia. Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press and University Press of New England, 1994.
Roy, Christopher. Art and Life in Africa: Selections from the Stanley Collection. The University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1985.
Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Vintage Books, 1983.
----------. African Art in Motion: Icon and Act in the Collection of Katherine White. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.
Voestermans, Paul. “Alterity/Identity: A Deficient Image of Culture” in Alterity, Identity, Image: Selve and Others in Society and Culture. Eds. Raymond Corbey and Joep Leersen. Amsterdam-Atlanta, GA, 1991.
Visona, Monica Blackmun, Robin Poynor et al. A History of Art in Africa. New York: Harry N. Abram, Inc., 2001.